'Who so ever asks me of my birth - I will tell them I am born of Irish Princes who ruled in Donegal a thousand years ago; that I am descended from the High Kings of Ireland, and my name is from the Clann ”Dochartaigh!'
---Ar nDuthchas, Issue #27
Metamorphosis of the name 'Dochartaig' (DOCKH-har-tay)
The ÓDochartaigh Clann Association and Inishowen Genealogy research ancestry for many Donegal and Inishowen families. This website is focussed solely on the ÓDochartaigh name and its derivatives, though many other good names are intertwined with ours, through kinship and collaboration. Please send additional information about the history of these names, so I can post it. (list of different spellings)
Here is the
history of the ÓDochartaigh name, based on the article in Newsletter
#26 (Spring 1995), and with the addition of names listed on the cover
of Newsletter #12 (reunion edition - ÓDochartaigh: People of the Oak
Houses), on the cover of the publication 'ÓDochartaigh Clann WhÓs
Who?', compiled by Jackson Daugherty, Texas, USA, and a few collected
from email I have received from time to time.
The Bizarre Metamorphosis of an Irish Name
by Patrick Dougherty
Our clann research unit has discovered over 140 ways of spelling this old Gaelic/Irish name which moved out of the Finn River valley in the late 1200's. From 1690 to the late 1820's the use of the prefix 'Ó (signifying 'grandson of') was illegal for those living in Ireland, so both versions will be found.
Born at the turn of the 800's, Fiamhain had but one name. Surnames were not yet in use. He was the son of Cennfaeladh (pronounced Cenn Fala). The latter was the Prince of Tyrconnell when the year 800 dawned. Fiamhain in turn had several children, one being Maongal, who in turn had a child called Donal.
This grandson of Faimhain, though born with the given name Donal, earned the title "Dochartaig" due to his exploits on the battlefield. It is believed the meaning of that name is 'The Destroyer', which is hotly debated. Some experts argue that it means 'Obstructive', which again could be related to the battlefield.
Following the direct line down from Fiamhain through Dochartaig, records indicate Dochartaig's son to have been Maongall. Maongall's son was Donoch. Being the grandson of Dochartaig, Donoch took the 'Ó to his surname and became the first ÓDochartaigh.
In Brehon Law, it is understood that the first to use a surname (Dochartaigh in this case) used the Grandfather's name as its 'Clann Name'. [So, the ÓDochartaighs are direct decedents of the Clann Fiamhain.] This Clann research is far from complete!
Introduced into foreign lands as:
--- end of article ---
Variations on ÓDochartaigh
|DAU||Dauerty ||Daugh||Daugharty||Daugheetee||Daugherde||Daughety ||.|
|Daughty ||Dauherty||Dauthity ||.||.||.||.|
|DOC||Docartaig -->||Dochartach -->||ÓDochartaigh
(original Gaelic )
|Docharty||Docher||Docherty ||Dochetry||Dochrety 
|Dockarty||Dockerly ||Dockerty||Dockery||Dockhardy||Dockidy ||Dockity |
USA: KY, TN
abt. 1700 
abt. 1860 
Notes from the list of names:
Quoted from a list of name meanings:
"Doherty is an Irish and Scottish Patronymic name from the Gaelic ÓDochartaigh , meaning 'descendant of Dochartach', whose name meant Unlucky or Hurtful. Variants are ÓDoherty, ÓDougherty, Dougharty, Doghartie, Dogerty, Daugherty, Doggart, Dockert , and Docharty , among others. As recently as 1994, I was in Donegal seeking my Doherty ancestors and was frequently asked for the nickname. I finally determined that over half the people in Carndonagh were named Doherty and that families were identified by nicknames, ours being "Dinny". My g-g-grandfather was Dennis Nicholson and, having left the farm for the town and established himself as an auctioneer and valuer, was recognized as distinct from his relatives by establishing the Dinny line. Local press generally reports both surnames; there doesn't seem to be a standard as to which is prime and which is seen as secondary. The need for this practice may be seen in the small local market square where three stores are identified as "Patrick Doherty". My source in Carndonagh was Paddy Glacken (Docherty).
Submitted by Neil Nickerson.